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UP-COMING EVENTS:

End-of-year Prayer Camp Meeting

( Dec. 26th-1st Jan. 2006)

 

Be part of these events and your life will never be the same again!

 

CHURCH LOCATION /DIRECTION

HOLY GHOST CHAPEL is situated at the former Progrès College, Carrefour Grand, Canyon, Douala.

 

 

Cameroon Facts:

  

Introduction

   Cameroon

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Background:

DefinitionField Listing
The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy.

  

Geography

   Cameroon

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Location:

DefinitionField Listing
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

Geographic coordinates:

DefinitionField Listing
6 00 N, 12 00 E

Map references:

DefinitionField Listing
Africa

Area:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
total: 475,440 sq km
water: 6,000 sq km
land: 469,440 sq km

Area - comparative:

DefinitionField Listing
slightly larger than California

Land boundaries:

DefinitionField Listing
total: 4,591 km
border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

Coastline:

DefinitionField Listing
402 km

Maritime claims:

DefinitionField Listing
territorial sea: 50 NM

Climate:

DefinitionField Listing
varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

Terrain:

DefinitionField Listing
diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

Elevation extremes:

DefinitionField Listing
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Fako (on Cameroon Mountain) 4,095 m

Natural resources:

DefinitionField Listing
petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

Land use:

DefinitionField Listing
arable land: 12.81%
permanent crops: 2.58%
other: 84.61% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:

DefinitionField Listing
330 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

DefinitionField Listing
volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes

Environment - current issues:

DefinitionField Listing
water-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:

DefinitionField Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

Geography - note:

DefinitionField Listing
sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano

  

People

   Cameroon

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Population:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
15,746,179
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)

Age structure:

DefinitionField Listing
0-14 years: 42.3% (male 3,372,129; female 3,291,295)
15-64 years: 54.5% (male 4,315,672; female 4,265,286)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 227,444; female 274,353) (2003 est.)

Median age:

DefinitionField Listing
total: 18.4 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 18.5 years (2002)

Population growth rate:

DefinitionField Listing
2.02% (2003 est.)

Birth rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
35.49 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Death rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
15.3 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Net migration rate:

DefinitionField Listing
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Sex ratio:

DefinitionField Listing
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2003 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
total: 70.12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 65.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 74.2 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
total population: 48.05 years
male: 47.15 years
female: 48.97 years (2003 est.)

Total fertility rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
4.63 children born/woman (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
11.8% (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
920,000 (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
53,000 (2001 est.)

Nationality:

DefinitionField Listing
noun: Cameroonian(s)
adjective: Cameroonian

Ethnic groups:

DefinitionField Listing
Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%

Religions:

DefinitionField Listing
indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Languages:

DefinitionField Listing
24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Literacy:

DefinitionField Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79%
male: 84.7%
female: 73.4% (2003 est.)

  

Government

   Cameroon

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Country name:

DefinitionField Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Cameroon
conventional short form: Cameroon
former: French Cameroon

Government type:

DefinitionField Listing
unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)
note: preponderance of power remains with the president

Capital:

DefinitionField Listing
Yaounde

Administrative divisions:

DefinitionField Listing
10 provinces; Adamaoua, Centre, Est, Extreme-Nord, Littoral, Nord, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Ouest

Independence:

DefinitionField Listing
1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday:

DefinitionField Listing
Republic Day (National Day), 20 May (1972)

Constitution:

DefinitionField Listing
20 May 1972 approved by referendum; 2 June 1972 formally adopted; revised January 1996

Legal system:

DefinitionField Listing
based on French civil law system, with common law influence; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage:

DefinitionField Listing
20 years of age; universal

Executive branch:

DefinitionField Listing
chief of state: President Paul BIYA (since 6 November 1982)
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 12 October 1997 (next to be held NA October 2004); prime minister appointed by the president
head of government: Prime Minister Peter Mafany MUSONGE (since 19 September 1996)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from proposals submitted by the prime minister
election results: President Paul BIYA reelected; percent of vote - Paul BIYA 92.6%; note - supporters of the opposition candidates boycotted the elections, making a comparison of vote shares relatively meaningless

Legislative branch:

DefinitionField Listing
unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (180 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms; note - the president can either lengthen or shorten the term of the legislature)
elections: last held 23 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RDCP 133, SDF 21, UDC 5, other 21
note: the constitution calls for an upper chamber for the legislature, to be called a Senate, but it has yet to be established

Judicial branch:

DefinitionField Listing
Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); High Court of Justice (consists of 9 judges and 6 substitute judges, elected by the National Assembly)

Political parties and leaders:

DefinitionField Listing
Cameroonian Democratic Union or UDC [Adamou NDAM NJOYA]; Democratic Rally of the Cameroon People or RDCP [Paul BIYA]; Movement for the Defense of the Republic or MDR [Dakole DAISSALA]; Movement for the Liberation and Development of Cameroon or MLDC [leader Marcel YONDO]; Movement for the Youth of Cameroon or MYC [Dieudonne TINA]; National Union for Democracy and Progress or UNDP [Maigari BELLO BOUBA]; Social Democratic Front or SDF [John FRU NDI]; Union of Cameroonian Populations or UPC [Augustin Frederic KODOCK]

Political pressure groups and leaders:

DefinitionField Listing
Southern Cameroon National Council [Frederick Ebong ALOBWEDE]; Human Rights Defense Group [Albert MUKONG, president]

International organization participation:

DefinitionField Listing
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, C, CEEAC, CEMAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-19, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation in the US:

DefinitionField Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Jerome MENDOUGA
chancery: 2349 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
FAX: [1] (202) 387-3826
telephone: [1] (202) 265-8790

Diplomatic representation from the US:

DefinitionField Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador George McDade STAPLES
embassy: Rue Nachtigal, Yaounde
mailing address: P. O. Box 817, Yaounde; pouch: American Embassy, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2520
telephone: [237] 223-05-12, 222-25-89, 222-17-94, 223-40-14
FAX: [237] 223-07-53
branch office(s): Douala

Flag description:

DefinitionField Listing
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

  

Economy

   Cameroon

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Economy - overview:

DefinitionField Listing
Because of its oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries, such as a top-heavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. In June 2000, the government completed an IMF-sponsored, three-year structural adjustment program; however, the IMF is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency, privatization, and poverty reduction programs. International oil and cocoa prices have considerable impact on the economy.

GDP:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
purchasing power parity - $26.84 billion (2002 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
4% (2002 est.)

GDP - per capita:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
purchasing power parity - $1,700 (2002 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:

DefinitionField Listing
agriculture: 46%
industry: 21%
services: 33% (2001 est.)

Population below poverty line:

DefinitionField Listing
48% (2000 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

DefinitionField Listing
lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 36.6% (1996)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:

DefinitionField Listing
47.7 (1996)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
4.5% (2002 est.)

Labor force:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
NA

Labor force - by occupation:

DefinitionField Listing
agriculture 70%, industry and commerce 13%, other 17%

Unemployment rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
30% (2001 est.)

Budget:

DefinitionField Listing
revenues: $2.2 billion
expenditures: $2.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY 00/01 est.)

Industries:

DefinitionField Listing
petroleum production and refining, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber

Industrial production growth rate:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
4.2% (1999 est.)

Electricity - production:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
3.613 billion kWh (2001)

Electricity - production by source:

DefinitionField Listing
fossil fuel: 2.7%
hydro: 97.3%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%

Electricity - consumption:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
3.36 billion kWh (2001)

Electricity - exports:

DefinitionField Listing
0 kWh (2001)

Electricity - imports:

DefinitionField Listing
0 kWh (2001)

Oil - production:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
76,650 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil - consumption:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
22,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil - exports:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
NA (2001)

Oil - imports:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
NA (2001)

Oil - proved reserves:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
200 million bbl (37257)

Natural gas - production:

DefinitionField Listing
0 cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:

DefinitionField Listing
0 cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - exports:

DefinitionField Listing
0 cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - imports:

DefinitionField Listing
0 cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
55.22 billion cu m (37257)

Agriculture - products:

DefinitionField Listing
coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber

Exports:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
$1.9 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)

Exports - commodities:

DefinitionField Listing
crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

Exports - partners:

DefinitionField Listing
Italy 16.7%, Spain 16%, France 12.8%, US 8.3%, Netherlands 8.2%, Taiwan 7.7%, China 5.2%, UK 4.4% (2002)

Imports:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
$1.7 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)

Imports - commodities:

DefinitionField Listing
machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

Imports - partners:

DefinitionField Listing
France 28.2%, Nigeria 12.8%, US 8%, Belgium 5.7%, Germany 5.3%, Italy 4.3% (2002)

Debt - external:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
$8.6 billion (2002 est.)

Economic aid - recipient:

DefinitionField Listing
on 23 January 2001, the Paris Club agreed to reduce Cameroon's debt of $1.3 billion by $900 million; total debt relief now amounts to $1.26 billion

Currency:

DefinitionField Listing
Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States

Currency code:

DefinitionField Listing
XAF

Exchange rates:

DefinitionField Listing
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.7 (1999), 589.95 (1998)

Fiscal year:

DefinitionField Listing
1 July - 30 June

  

Communications

   Cameroon

Top of Page

Telephones - main lines in use:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
95,000 (2001)

Telephones - mobile cellular:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
300,000 (2002)

Telephone system:

DefinitionField Listing
general assessment: available only to business and government
domestic: cable, microwave radio relay, and tropospheric scatter
international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Radio broadcast stations:

DefinitionField Listing
AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 3 (2002)

Television broadcast stations:

DefinitionField Listing
1 (2002)

Internet country code:

DefinitionField Listing
.cm

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):

DefinitionField Listing
1 (2002)

Internet users:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
45,000
note: Cameroon also had more than 100 cyber-cafes in 2001 (December 2001)

  

Transportation

   Cameroon

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Railways:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
total: 1,008 km
narrow gauge: 1,008 km 1.000-m gauge (2002)

Highways:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
total: 34,300 km
paved: 4,288 km
unpaved: 30,012 km (1999 est.)

Waterways:

DefinitionField Listing
2,090 km (of decreasing importance) (2002)

Pipelines:

DefinitionField Listing
gas 90 km; liquid petroleum gas 9 km; oil 1,124 km (2003)

Ports and harbors:

DefinitionField Listing
Bonaberi,
Douala, Garoua, Kribi, Tiko

Airports:

DefinitionField Listing
49 (2002)

Airports - with paved runways:

DefinitionField Listing
total: 11
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2002)

Airports - with unpaved runways:

DefinitionField Listing
total: 38
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 20
under 914 m: 11 (2002)

  

Military

   Cameroon

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Military branches:

DefinitionField Listing
Army, Navy (includes naval infantry), Air Force, National Gendarmerie, Presidential Guard

Military manpower - military age:

DefinitionField Listing
18 years of age (2003 est.)

Military manpower - availability:

DefinitionField Listing
males age 15-49: 3,799,841 (2003 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:

DefinitionField Listing
males age 15-49: 1,928,285 (2003 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:

DefinitionField Listing
males: 179,586 (2003 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
$118.6 million (FY00)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP:

DefinitionField ListingRank Order
1.4% (FY98)

  

Transnational Issues

   Cameroon

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Disputes - international:

DefinitionField Listing
ICJ ruled in 2002 on the Cameroon-Nigeria land and maritime boundary by awarding the potentially petroleum-rich Bakassi Peninsula and offshore region to Cameroon; Nigeria rejected cession of the peninsula, but the parties have formed a Joint Border Commission to resolve differences bilaterally and have commenced with demarcation in less-contested sections of the boundary; Lake Chad Commission continues to urge signatories Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria to ratify delimitation treaty over the lake region, which remains the site of armed clashes among local populations and militias; Nigeria agreed to ratify the treaty and relinquish sovereignty of disputed lands to Cameroon by December 2003

 

 

 

   
 
 

Jonah Soul Winning Ministries

BP 12103 Douala – Cameroon

Tel. (237) 988.11.99

Fax : (237) 342.49.05

Email: okjonah@yahoo.com

www.jonahsoulwinning.org

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